The Minor Planet Bulletin

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The Minor Planet Bulletin is the journal for almost all amateurs and even some professionals for publishing asteroid photometry results, including lightcurves, H-G parameters, color indexes, and shape/spin axis models. It is considered to be a refereed journal by the SAO/NASA ADS. All MPB papers are indexed in the ADS.

Print subscriptions are no longer available to individuals. Institutions (e.g., college libraries) can still obtain print copies via a special subscription. See details in MPB 37-4 or contact the editor, Richard Binzel.

Annual voluntary contributions of $5.00 or more in support of the publication are welcome.
Please send a check, drawn on a U.S. bank and payable in U.S. funds, to "Minor Planet Bulletin" and send it to:

Minor Planet Bulletin
c/o Melissa Hayes-Gehrke
UMD Astronomy Department
1113 PSC Bldg 415
College Park, MD 20742

Authors Guide and Word Templates   (v.2.9: updated 2019 November 14)
The ZIP file contains the Authors Guide PDF as well as a "starter" paper in Word 97 (DOT) and Word 2007+ (DOTX).
Please read this updated guide since there are a number of changes from previous guides.
  • The Pts column is no longer required and has been removed from the template for the standard table
    to allow more room for the other columns.
  • The phase column should have only two values: for the first and last date in the range.
    If the phase reaches an extrema between those dates, put an asterisk before the first value. For example,
  • Use semicolons to separate names in the references section. For example:
       Smith, J.J.; Jones, A.A. (2019).
    This also applies if using several references to the same author in the text. For example:
    "This asteroid was observed at three previous apparitions (Jones, 2015; 2017; 2018)..."

Cumulative Index to Volumes 1-45
Cumulative Asteroid Lightcurve Index (Volumes 1 through 46-2)

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Issues for the upcoming quarter-year are released on about the 21st of March, June, September, and December. Full issues and individual papers from vol 1 (1973) to present are available via links on this page.

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If the "Download PDF" link is visible and there is no PDF available, clicking the link will download an arbitrary page. We are working with ADS to make sure all papers are available and, if not, being able to diasable the link. The "Download Full Issue" link does retrieve the correct file.

Vol 1-7 run Jul-Jun. Vol 8-present run Jan-Dec. Only papers indexed in the ADS are included. Earlier volumes often contain more papers than listed here. It's recommended to download the full issue in vol 1-9.

Volume 49 (2022)

Volume 48 (2021)

Volume 47 (2020)

Volume 46 (2019)

Volume 45 (2018)

Volume 44 (2017)

Volume 43 (2016)

Volume 42 (2015)

Volume 41 (2014)

Volume 40 (2013)

Volume 39 (2012)

Volume 38 (2011)

Volume 37 (2010)

Volume 36 (2009)

Volume 35 (2008)

Volume 34 (2007)

Volume 33 (2006)

Volume 32 (2005)

Volume 31 (2004)

Volume 30 (2003)

Volume 29 (2002)

Volume 28 (2001)

Volume 27 (2000)

Volume 26 (1999)

Volume 25 (1998)

Volume 24 (1997)

Volume 23 (1996)

Volume 22 (1995)

Volume 21 (1994)

Volume 20 (1993)

Volume 19 (1992)

Volume 18 (1991)

Volume 17 (1990)

Volume 16 (1989)

Volume 15 (1988)

Volume 14 (1987)

Volume 13 (1986)

Volume 12 (1985)

Volume 11 (1984)

Volume 10 (1983)

Volume 9 (1982)

Volume 8 (1981)

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Volumes 6-7 (1979)

Volumes 5-6 (1978)

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Volume 1 (1973)

Issue 49-1 (2022 Jan-Mar)
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Photometric Observations of Main-Belt Asteroids 2229 Mezzarco, 3648 Raffinetti and 3919 Maryanning
Pages 1-2
Galdies, Charles; Brincat, Stephen
2022MPBu...49....1G    Download PDF

Photometric observations of three main-belt asteroids that were obtained from May through July 2021 were made from Malta in order to determine their synodic rotation periods. For 2229 Mezzarco we found a period of 10.241 ± 0.003 h, amplitude 0.55 mag. For 3648 Raffinetti the results show a period of 5.177 ± 0.001 h and 0.47 mag. and for 3919 Maryanning we report a period of 7.094 ± 0.001 h with an amplitude of 0.70 mag.

A New Satellite of 4337 Arecibo Detected and Confirmed by stellar Occultation
Pages 3-5
Gault, David; Nosworthy, Peter; Nolthenius, Richard; Bender, Kirk; Herald, Dave
2022MPBu...49....3G    Download PDF

Two observers in Australia, at two separate sites observed asteroid 4337 Arecibo occult UCAC4 323-126197 and both observers observed a hitherto unknown satellite of the asteroid occult the same star shortly afterwards. Confirmation of the existence of the satellite occurred 20.71 days after the first observation, when two observers in California, at two separate sites observed 4337 Arecibo occult UCAC4 322-116848, and both observers observed the satellite occult the same star shortly afterwards. A third occultation, 20.78 days later, of UCAC4 323- 113857 was observed at 3 sites in California however the satellite was not detected. We find the diameter of the main body is 24.4 +/- 0.6 km and the satellite is 13.0 +/- 1.5 km - assuming they are spherical. Their separations at the two occultations were: 2021 May 19.74861: 25.5 ±1.0 mas in PA 105.2° ±1.0°. 2021 June 9.45736: 32.8 ±0.7 mas in PA 94.3° ±2.7°. We find the center of mass of the system is displaced from the main body by about 14% of the distance between the two bodies. However, our observations are insufficient to fix the orbit parameters.

Rotation Period Determination for Asteroid 663 Gerlinde
Pages 5
Farfán, Rafael G.; García, Faustino
2022MPBu...49....5F    Download PDF

Photometric observations of the main-belt asteroid 663 Gerlinde were taken from the Uraniborg Observatory, in Ecija (Seville, Spain), in order to determine its synodic rotation period. The results are: P = 10.254 ± 0.001 h, A = 0.190 mag.

Rotational Period Determination and Taxonomic Classification for Asteroid 536 Merapi
Pages 6-7
Mannucci, Massimiliano; Montigiani, Nico
2022MPBu...49....6M    Download PDF

CCD photometric observations of outer main-belt asteroid 536 Merapi were obtained in order to measure the rotation period and to find the color indexes B-V and V-R. These measures were performed using the instrumentation available at the Osservatorio Astronomico Margherita Hack located on the hills near Florence (Italy).

Lightcurve and Synodic Rotation Period for 2728 Yatskiv
Pages 7-8
Benishek, Vladimir; Pilcher, Frederick
2022MPBu...49....7B    Download PDF

A rotational lightcurve and a synodic rotation period were obtained for the first time on the main-belt asteroid 2728 Yatskiv from CCD photometric observations conducted over the time span 2021 June - September at two observatories widely separated in geographic longitude. As a result, a bimodal lightcurve phased to a period of 25.069 ± 0.006 h was established.

Lightcurves and Rotation Periods of 57 Mnemosyne and 58 Concordia
Pages 9-10
Pilcher, Frederick
2022MPBu...49....9P    Download PDF

Synodic rotation periods and amplitudes are found for 57 Mnemosyne: 25.308 +/- 0.001 h, 0.08 +/- 0.01 mag; 58 Concordia: 9.892 +/- 0.004 h, 0.12 +/- 0.01 mag.

Rotation Period Determination for Asteroids 2232 Altaj, 3699 Milbourn, 4101 Ruikou, (6787) 1991 PF15 And 8416 Okada
Pages 10-13
Marchini, Alessandro; Cavaglioni, Leonardo; Privitera, Chiara Angelica; Papini, Riccardo; Salvaggio, Fabio
2022MPBu...49...10M    Download PDF

Photometric observations of five main-belt asteroids were conducted in order to determine their synodic rotation periods. For 2232 Altaj we found P = 8.089 ± 0.001 h, A = 0.30 ± 0.02 mag; for 3699 Milbourn we found P = 3.816 ± 0.002 h, A = 0.20 ± 0.02 mag; for 4101 Ruikou we found P = 8.098 ± 0.009 h, A = 0.07 ± 0.03 mag; for (6787) 1991 PF15 we found P = 4.645 ± 0.001 h, A = 0.80 ± 0.01 mag; for 8416 Okada we found P = 2.646 ± 0.001 h, A = 0.04 ± 0.02 mag.

Lightcurve Analysis of Two Potentially Hazardous Asteroids and Three Near-Earth Asteroids
Pages 14-15
Díaz-Vachier, Ian; Cotto-Figueroa, Desireé; Rivas-Díaz, Alexander; Abreu-Cintrón, Julian; Rivera-Rivera, Bryan; Santana-Rodriguez, Peter; Laureno-La Puerta, Felix
2022MPBu...49...14V    Download PDF

We report on rotation lightcurves of two potentially hazardous asteroids, 1993 KH and 2001 KY66, and three near-Earth asteroids, 2005 EC224, 2004 FM17, and 2013 OS3, performed by CCD photometric observation at the National Undergraduate Research Observatory telescope at the Lowell Observatory.

Near-Earth Asteroid Lightcurve Analysis at the Center for Solar System Studies: 2021 August-October
Pages 16-22
Warner, Brian D.; Stephens, Robert D.
2022MPBu...49...16W    Download PDF

Lightcurves of 12 near-Earth asteroids (NEAs) obtained at the Center for Solar System Studies (CS3) from 2021 July through early October were analyzed for rotation period, peak-to-peak amplitude, and signs of satellites or tumbling. We have good reason to believe that 2019 UD4 is in a tumbling state.

On Confirmed and Suspected Binary Asteroids Observed at the Center for Solar System Studies
Pages 22-29
Warner, Brian D.; Stephens, Robert D.
2022MPBu...49...22W    Download PDF

Analysis of CCD photometric observations made at the Center for Solar System Studies from 2021 August through September suggested or confirmed that several asteroids were binary. The candidates are 5715 Ables, 7087 Lewotsky, 7173 Sepkoski, (16960) 1998 QS52, (68063) 2000 YJ66, (143649) 2003 QQ47, (159857) 2004 LJ1, and (326732) 2003 HB6.

Lightcurves of Main-Belt Asteroid 7939 Asphaug and Near-Earth Asteroid 2015 JD1
Pages 30
Díaz-Vachier, Ian; Cotto-Figueroa, Desireé
2022MPBu...49...30V    Download PDF

Photometric observations were conducted on main-belt asteroid 7939 Asphaug (1991 AP1) and potentially hazardous asteroid 2015 JD1. Results reveal rotation periods of P = 3.563 ± 0.002 h and P = 5.246 ± 0.015 h, respectively.

Main-belt Asteroids Observed from CS3: 2021 July-September
Pages 31-34
Stephens, Robert D.; Warner, Brian D.
2022MPBu...49...31S    Download PDF

CCD photometric observations of 10 main-belt asteroids were obtained at the Center for Solar System Studies (CS3) from 2021 July-September.

Collaborative Asteroid Photometry from UAI: 2021 July-September
Pages 35-37
Franco, Lorenzo; Marchini, Alessandro; Papini, Riccardo; Scarfi, Giulio; Bacci, Paolo; Maestripieri, Martina; Aceti, Pietro; Banfi, Massimo; Bachini, Mauro; Succi, Giacomo; Galli, Gianni
2022MPBu...49...35F    Download PDF

Photometric observations of eight asteroids were made in order to acquire lightcurves for shape/spin axis modeling. The synodic period and lightcurve amplitude were found for 58 Concordia, 224 Oceana, 1046 Edwin, 2431 Skovoroda, 2824 Franke, (7822) 1991 CS, (143649) 2003 QQ47, and color index (V-R) for 790 Pretoria.

CCD Photometry of 29 Asteroids at Sopot Astronomical Observatory: 2020 July-2021 September
Pages 38-44
Benishek, Vladimir
2022MPBu...49...38B    Download PDF

Lightcurves and synodic rotation periods for 29 asteroids determined from CCD photometric data obtained at Sopot Astronomical Observatory (SAO) over the time span 2020 July - 2021 September are presented in this paper.

Lightcurves of Seven Asteroids
Pages 44-47
Dose, Eric V.
2022MPBu...49...44D    Download PDF

We present lightcurves, synodic rotation periods, and G value (H-G) estimates for seven asteroids.

Photometry and Light Curve Analysis of Eight Asteroids by GORA’S Observatories
Pages 48-51
Colazo, Milagros; Morales, Mario; Fornari, César; Chapman, Andrés; García, Alberto; Santos, Francisco; Melia, Raúl; Suárez, Néstor; Stechina, Ariel; Scotta, Damián; Martini, Matías; Santucho, Marcos; Moreschi, Alejandro; Wilberger, Aldo; Mottino, Aldo; Bellocchio, Ezequiel; Quiñones, Cecilia; Speranza, Tiago; Llanos, Ricardo; Altuna, Leopoldo; Caballero, Macarena; Romero, Fabricio; Galarza, Carlos; Colazo, Carlos
2022MPBu...49...48C    Download PDF

Synodic rotation periods and amplitudes are reported for 128 Nemesis, 236 Honoria, 329 Svea, 1021 Flammario, 1026 Ingrid, 1034 Mozartia, 1938 Lausanna, and (285571) 2000 PQ9.

Lightcurve Analysis of L4 Trojan Asteroids at the Center for Solar System Studies: 2021 July to September
Pages 51-55
Stephens, Robert D.; Warner, Brian D.
2022MPBu...49...51S    Download PDF

Lightcurves for 11 Jovian Trojan asteroids were obtained at the Center for Solar System Studies (CS3) from 2021 July to September.

Asteroid-Deepsky Appulses in 2022
Pages 56
Warner, Brian D.
2022MPBu...49...56W    Download PDF

The following list is a very small subset of the results of a search for asteroid-deepsky appulses for 2022, presenting only the highlights for the year based on close approaches of brighter asteroids to brighter DSOs.

Minor Planets at Unusually Favorable Elongations in 2022
Pages 57-59
Pilcher, Frederick
2022MPBu...49...57P    Download PDF

A list is presented of minor planets which are much brighter than usual at their 2022 apparitions.

Comet C/2017 T2 (PanSTARRS): Nucleus Lightcurve and Period
Pages 59-60
Bahyl, Vladimír; Balážová, Emília
2022MPBu...49...59B    Download PDF

We present the results of the CCD photometry of the comet C/2017 T2 (PanSTARRS). From more than1800 images we have constructed the lightcurve of the (presumed) nucleus and estimate the rotational period to be 5.6759 ± 0.0046 h.

Lightcurve Photometry Opportunities: 2022 January-March
Pages 61-65
Warner, Brian D.; Harris, Alan W.; Durech, Josef; Benner, Lance A.M.
2022MPBu...49...61W    Download PDF

We present lists of asteroid photometry opportunities for objects reaching a favorable apparition and have no or poorly-defined lightcurve parameters. Additional data on these objects will help with shape and spin axis modeling using lightcurve inversion. We have changed the presentation of the “Radar-Optical Opportunities” section to include a list of potential radar targets as well as some that are in critical need of astrometric data and, if found, might also be targets for radar. These can have ephemeris errors on the order of tens to thousands of arcseconds and, despite the current surveys, have not been observed for several years. This makes them a double challenge: first to be found and, second, to determine astrometric positions and photometric properties.

In This Issue
Pages 66
Warner, Brian D.
2022MPBu...49...66W    Download PDF

This list gives those asteroids in this issue for which physical observations (excluding astrometric only) were made. This includes lightcurves, color index, and H-G determinations, etc. In some cases, no specific results are reported due to a lack of or poor quality data. The page number is for the first page of the paper mentioning the asteroid. EP is the "go to page" value in the electronic version.

copyright©2017 Brian D. Warner. Funding to support this web site is provided by NASA grant NSSC 80NSSC18K0851